Jhelum is a city in northern Punjab
Province in Pakistan (population 293,000 in 1998). Jhelum lies on the right
bank of the Jhelum River.
It's a very
old city. It was known to the Greeks as Hydaspes - Alexander the great
dropped by when he tried to conquer the planet.
Across the river is a
smaller town, Sarai Alamgir, where the Military College Jhelum (MCJ) is
based. The old Grand Trunk Road passes through both towns.
On the site of modern Jhelum, Alexander the Great founded the city of
Alexandria Bucephalous (named after his horse Bucephalus, who died in a
famous battle here, known to the Greeks as the Battle of the Hydaspes).
Nearby there is the historic Rohtas Fort
his defeat of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a
strong fortified complex at Rohtas, a strategic site in the north of what is
now Pakistan. It was never taken by assault and survives intact to the
present day. The main fortifications consist of the massive walls, which
extend for more than 4km; they are lined with bastions and pierced by
monumental gateways. Rohtas Fort, also called Qila Rohtas, is an exceptional
example of early Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia.
The main market area of the city is centered around "Shandar Chowk", and
includes "Main Bazaar", "Niya Bazaar", "Chowk-Ehl-e-Hadith" etc.
The city also boasts a high-class golf course called the River-Side Golf
Club, where national golf tournaments are held regularly.
Jhelum is well connected with Rawalpindi and rest of the country by rail and