Sharif is situated some 100 kilometers from Hyderabad Sindh, Pakistan.
It is famous for the shrine of Hazarat Lal Shahbaz Qalander, a distinguished
sofi saint of Muslims. Sehwan is held in high esteem by local Muslims and
Hindus alike.Sehwan is one of the most ancient towns of Indus valley. Its
history dates back to the second ancient belt of this valley after the
ancient culture of Moen jo Daro. At the time of Maha Bharat when Brahmans
were settled in this valley, they founded many towns on the bank of Indus.
Sehwan occupies a first place in those old ancient towns. It is not known
what its original name was in those days but at the time of the invasion of
Alexander the Great, this town occupied a cardinal place and Alexander
encamped here on his return march homeward. In memory of his victory he
built a fort, the ruins of which are still in existence in the north of the
At the time of
invasion of Alexander the Great, Sehwan was called "SEVESTAN" and ruled over
by Raja Mati. During the decay of Empire of Raja Mati, it was ravaged by
Raja Chhach. This part of country thus ruled by Raja Chhach and his
followers until Raja Dahar who was defeated at he battle of Debal in 711 A.D
.by Mohammed Bin Qasim. While Sindh was subject to the Emperors at Delhi,
Sehwan or Sevastan, as it was then called appears to have been generally the
seat of Governor. When the Samas came in to the power, one of the first
things which they did was to seize Sehwan, and when Shah Beg Arghun took the
kingdom from the last of Samas he had to fight, a second battle for
possession of the town. Under his son Miraz Shah Hussain the fugitive
Emperor Humayun made a determined when Sindh again lost its independence and
Panhawar were fighting of the right bank of the Indus. Sehwan declined. The
victorious Kalhoras made their capital at Khudaabad thirty-two kilometers to
the north, but this capital in its turn, was superseded by Hyderabad.
At the time of
British conquest, this part of the country was ruled by the Talpurs (Mirs).
After the battle of Miani, Sir Charles Napier took possession of the Sindh
and made Karachi as his headquarter.
expediency demanded the reconstitution of the boundaries of the district in
1901 when Larkana district was created and some talukas, which were earlier
part of Shikarpur district, were linked with it. The people of this part,
with the passage of time and change in circumstances, could not adjust
themselves of the political and administrative environment of Larkana
district and they demanded their severance from it. This resulted into
creation of Dadu district in 1931with its headquarters at Dadu.
The majority of
the population is Muslim. They can be divided into two major groups Samats
and Baloch. The Samat includes Panhwar, Solangi, Qureshi, Sheikh, Siddiqui,
Qazi and others.
includes Jamali, Khosa, Lund, Gabol and others. Hindu population is split up
into two groups viz. Sanatis and Lohanas. This population is scanty now.