Chitral Valley at an elevation of 1128 meters has Afghanistan on its
North, South and West.It is surrounded by the Wakhan, Badkhshan, Asmar
and Nooristan area of Afghanistan in the north, west and south-west. On
its southern boundary lies Dir. In the east lies Gilgit agency and Swāt
Kohistan. The narrow strip of Afghan territory, Wakhan, separates it
from Tajikistan. The 7,788 meters (25,550 ft) Trichmir, the highest peak
of the Hindukush mountain, dominates this 322km long exotic valley. No
mountain in the region is less then 4000 feet and more then 40 peaks
have an altitude of 20,000 ft. Chitral is divided into small valleys by
the mighty Hindukush range.
Chitral is undoubtedly the most romantic, captivating and enchanting
place in the majestic Hindukush range. It is a mountainous area in the
extreme north of Pakistan. The landscape of Chitral is extremely
mysterious, with its steep harsh mountains, lush green valleys,
beautiful meadows and big glaciers, which have made it one of the most
difficult and inaccessible area of the world.
The weather in Chitral is extremely harsh and cold in winter while the
summer is very pleasant. There are certain famous places and valleys in
Chitral like Garam Chashma valley, Booni, Golen valley, Madaklasht
valley, Arandu, Birir, Rumbur and Bumburat.
Historically Chitral was known as an independent princely state. After the
independence, Chitral was the first state to declare the accession to
Pakistan. In 1970, it was declared as district of Pakistan and attached
to the Malakand Division.
One of the major attractions of Chitral are the Kalash valleys-the home
of the Kafir-Kalash or "Wearers of the Black Robe", a primitive pagan
tribe. Their ancestry is enveloped in mystery and is the subject of
controversy. A legend says that five soldiers of the legions of
Alexander of Macedon settled in Chitral and are the progenitors of the
The 3,000 strong Kafir-Kalash live in the valley of Birir, Bumburet and
Rambur in the South. Bamburet, the largest and the most picturesque
valley of the Kafir-Kalash, is 40km from Chitral and is connected by a
jeep able road. Birir, 34km away is accessible by a jeep able road.
Rumbur is 32km from Chitral. Their picturesque headgear is made of
woolen black material decked out with cowrie shells, buttons and crowned
with a large colored feather. In parts of Greece even today some women
sport a similar head covering. The Kalash people love music and dancing
particularly on occasions of their religious festivals like Joshi
Chilimjusht (14th & 15th May - spring), Phool (20th - 25th September)
and Chowas (18th to 21st December).