administratively subdivided into Upper Dir and Lower Dir districs. Dir
district is 5,280 square kilometres in area and part of the Malakand
division, lying along the Afghanistan border between Chitral and Peshawar.
Almost all of it lies in the valley of the Panjkora which rises high in the
Hindu Kush at Lat. 35.45 and joins the Swat River near Chakdara, where the
district is usually entered, at Lat. 34.40. Apart from the tehsils of
Adenzai round Chakdara and Munda in the south-west, Dir is rugged and
mountainous with peaks rising to 16,000 feet in the north-east and to 10,000
ft. along the watersheds with Swat to the east and Afghanistan to the west.
The only motor road to Chitral reaches 10,234 ft at the Lowarai Pass.
Timergara, however, the district headquarters, lies at only 2,700 ft. twice
the altitude of Peshawar but much lower than the traditional and eponymous
capital of Dir at the foot of the Lowarai. Except for them and a number of
rapidly growing bazaar towns along the main roads the population is rural,
scattered in more than 1200 villages over the plains of Adenzai and Munda
and the deep narrow valleys of the Panjkora and its tributaries. Of these
the largest are Barawal, Usherai, Nihag, Karo and Toormang. Dir district was
officially split into Upper Dir and Lower Dir in 1996. Until 2000 as funds
were not available to provide the accommodation needed at Dir town by
government departments at a district headquarters, both districts continued
to he administered by a single deputy Commissioner stationed at Timergara.
with its beautiful
terraced fields possesses a thrilling historical past, dating back to
the Buddhist era and even beyond. Spread over 4000 sq. miles the discovery
of remains of Dir civilization gives a new dimension to the study of
Buddhist Civilization. It is discovered that Dir remained the main
battlefield for many intruders. Many fights have been fought in this area.
It was discovered that the inhabitants of this civilization were warriors.
Many old weapons were discovered during such an exploration. The inhabitants
mainly adopted Agriculture as their main business. They enjoyed rich
affluence and fruits of farming.
The topography of Dir is mainly
hilly. The Punjkora River flows through and divides Dir in almost two equal
parts. The climate is extremely cold in winters and moderately warm in
summer. Dir for its rich heritage, poses to attract both archeologists and
naturalists. A visit, worth remembering.
is well connected by road with the rest of the country by
Timergarah and Mardan.Peshawar International airport has air linkage to all
over the country as well as with he rest of the world.