Margalla Hills National Park Islamabad
Margalla Hills National Park Islamabad, rugged in topography, with numerous valleys and many steep and even precipitous slopeis is located in the foothills of the Himalayan range. The area is drained by the River Kurang and its tributaries, which flow into the River Soan.
Margalla Hills National Park is the most accessible park in Pakistan due to its close proximity to Islamabad. A visitor centre is planned for Daman-e-Koh, providing lounge accommodation and an information service. Lodges, camping grounds and picnic sites are also planned and the provision of a chair lift may be considered. It is an extension of the Islamabad wildlife sanctuary, which includes the Shakar Parian Hills and the Rawal Lake. Margalla Hills are unique in Pakistan, being rich in Sino Himalayan fauna, some species (especially birds) of which are at the western extremity of their distribution.
Wildlife: Margalla Hills National Park was setup to provide refugee to the Gray Goral, Barking deer and the Leopard. Protection to these animals have benefited other unusual and interesting smaller animal as well. Margalla Hills Park provides an excellent opportunity for bird watching. A Cheer Pheasant hatchery has been established at Chak Jabri and Dhok Jewan to raise captive Cheer pheasants that have become extinct in the hills. These are then released in the wild.
Mammals: Mammals in Margalla Hills National Park include–Asiatic leopard , Wild boar , Golden Jackal , Rhesus Macaque , Leopard cat , Gray Goral sheep , Barking deer , Chinkara gazelle , Red fox , Pangolin , Porcupine , Yellow throated marten and Fruit bats .
Birds: Birds in Margalla Hills National Park are–Himalayan Griffon vulture, Laggar falcon, Peregrine falcon, Kestrel, Indian sparrow hawk, Egyptian vulture, White cheeked bulbul, yellow vented bulbul, Paradise flycatcher, Black partridge, Cheer pheasant, Khalij pheasant, Golden oriole, Spotted dove, Collared dove, Larks, Shrikes, Wheatears and buntings.
Reptiles: Reptiles in the park are–Russell’s viper, Indian cobra, Himalayan pit viper and Saw scaled viper.