Hingol National Park Balochistan
Hingol National Park Balochistan, the largest National Park in Pakistan, lies on the Makran coast approximately 190 km from Karachi, covering about 610,043 ha. The area was for the first time declared reserved in 1988.
Hingol National Park Balochistan area covers parts of the three districts, namely; Lasbela, Gawader and Owaran of Baluchistan province containing a variety of topographical features and vegetation, varying from arid sub tropical forest in the north to arid montane in the west. Large tracts of the NP are covered with drift sand and can be classified as coastal semi desert. Hingol National Park Balochistan includes the estuary of the Hingol river which supports a significant diversity of bird and fish species.
Wildlife: Hingol is known to support threatened invertebrates in addition to a variety of bird species. Park has been an excellent habitat to wild animals including over 3000 ibexes, and 1500 Urials and more than 1200 Chinkara, besides number of resident and migratory birds. The Houbara Bustard (Chlamydotis undulata), Dalmatian and Spot-billed Pelican (Pelecanus philippensis) are regular visitors to the area.
The River Hingol has been nurturing crocodiles for centuries. The Marsh Crocodile (Crocodylus palustris), Olive Ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea) and Green Marine Turtles (Cheloniamydas), endemic and threatened species of fish, such as the Mahasheer occur and schools of Plumbeous Dolphins (Sousa plumbea) are known from close in-shore areas.
Mammals: Mammals in Hingol National Park Balochistan include——–Sindh leopard , Indian Fox , Jungle cat , Jackal , Sind Wildgoat , Blandford’s Urial , Chinkara Gazelle , Honey Badger , Indian Pangolin , Hedgehog , Porcupine , Indian Grey Mongoose , Cairo Spiny mouse and the Rock Mouse .
Birds: Birds Hingol National Park Balochistan are——-Houbara Bustard, Dalmatian and Spot-billed Pelican, Bonnelli’s eagle, Imperial eagle, Tawny eagle, Golden eagle, Eurasian griffon vulture, Egyptian vulture, Cinereous vulture, Lagger falcon, Red-headed merlin, Kestrel, Close-Barred sandgrouse, Grey partridge, See See partridge, Stone Curlew, Indian sand grouse, Coronetted sand grouse, Painted sand grouse, Eagle owl , Sind pied woodpecker, Hume’s chat, Brown rock pipit, Striped buning, Finche larks, Hoopoe, Shrikes and Wheatears.
Reptiles: The Marsh Crocodile, Olive Ridley and Green Marine Turtles, Desert Monitor lizard, Yellow Monitor lizard, and different species of lizard and chameleon.