Lal Suhanra Nartional park Punjab
Lal Suhanra Nartional park Punjab, a wildlife sanctuary, was declared a national park on 26 October 1972, following recommendations made by the Wildlife Enquiry Committee in 1971. Originally, the park comprised an area of 31,355ha, of which 20,932ha were desert, 8,488ha irrigated forest plantation and 1,934ha reservoir; it was due to be enlarged by 22,680ha. It is crossed by the dried-up bed of the Hakra River and features an important wetland, Patisar Lake.
Wildlife: Blackbuck became virtually extinct in the Cholistan Desert but the species has been re-introduced in Lal Suhanra Nartional park Punjab within large enclosures, together with Chinkara gazelle, Nilgai antelope, Hog deer and Indian rhinoceros.
There is big lake in the center of Lal Suhanra Nartional park Punjab called Patisar Lake, which is ideal for bird watching. Patisar Lake regularly holds between 10,000 and 30,000 ducks and common coot in mid-winter. Over 13,00 waterfowl were present in January 1987. Lal Suhanra Nartional park also supports a large population of birds of prey. The Hog deer, ravine deer, black buck and nilgai are quite common in these parts. Fox, jackals, hares, porcupines, mongoose, larks, owls and hawks are also found in Lal Suhanra National Park. One should be careful of the Wild Boars which are found in large number in the nearby forest areas.
Mammals: Mammals in Lal Suhanra Nartional park Punjab include–Long-eared Hedgehog , Nilgai antelope , Black buck , Chinkara gazelle , Hog deer , Red fox , Bengal Fox , Golden Jackal , Porcupine , Caracal cat , Moongoose , Jungle cat , Indian Wolf , Wild boar , Honey Badger or Ratel , Little Civet , Indian (Black-naped) Hare , Smooth-coated Otter and Indian rhino .
Birds: Birds in Lal Suhanra Nartional park Punjab are–Houbara bustard, Griffon vulture, Honey buzzard, Marsh harrier, Hen harrier, Laggar falcon, Peregrine falcon, Kestrel, Indian sparrow hawk, Egyptian vulture, Larks, Shrikes, Wheatears and Barn Owl.
Reptiles: Reptiles in Lal Suhanra Nartional park Punjab are– Monitor lizard, Russell’s viper, Indian cobra, Saw scaled viper, Wolf snake, John’s sand boa and Spiny tailed lizard.